Mesago PCIM GmbH (Ed.)

PCIM Europe 2014

International Exhibition and Conference for Power Electronics, Intelligent Motion, Renewable Energy and Energy Management Nuremberg, 20 – 22 May 2014, Proceedings

2014, 1708 pages, Slimlinebox, CD-Rom
ISBN 978-3-8007-3603-4
Personal VDE Members are entitled to a 10% discount on this title

Content

At this year's event, there is special focus on technologies for future energy supply systems, e-mobility and advanced power converters driven by efficiency and power density. The drivers for these applications include advanced power semiconductor devices, new materials to improve device and system reliability, and ideas on managing parasitic effects in the circuit set up. Presentations on power converter topologies and control techniques in intelligent motion systems form the backbone of the PCIM Europe Conference.

1

Ultra High Voltage SiC Power Devices and Its Impact on Future Power Delivery System

Authors:
Huang, Alex; Cheng, Lin; Palmour, John W.; Scozzie, Charles

2

An intelligent power module with high accuracy control system and direct liquid cooling for Hybrid system

Authors:
Higuchi, Keiichi; Kitamura, Akio; Arai, Hirohisa; Ichimura, Takeshi; Gohara, Hiromichi; Dietrich, Peter; Nishiura, Akira

3

Calculation of harmonics at the connection point of a modular multilevel HVDC converter

Authors:
Dommaschk, Mike; Pereira, Marcos; Dorn, Joerg; Retzmann, Dietmar

4

New Thyristor Platform for UHVDC (>1 MV) Transmission

Authors:
Vobecky, J.; Stiasny, T.; Botan, V.; Stiegler, K.; Meier, U.; Bellini, M.

5

A fast switching, scalable DC-Breaker for meshed HVDCSuperGrids

Authors:
Wang, Yeqi; Marquardt, Rainer

6

7

Proportional Driver for SiC BJT’s in electric vehicle inverter application

Authors:
Frankeser, Sophia; Hiller, Sebastian; Lutz, Josef; Domes, Konrad

8

9

Real-time adjustable gate current control IC solves dv/dt problems in electric drives

Authors:
Frank, Wolfgang; Arens, Andre; Hoerold, Stephan

10

Robust Control of Current Source Rectifier for UPS Applications

Authors:
Giuntini, Lorenzo; Crespan, Marco; Furlan, Ivan; Colombi, Silvio

11

12

Half Wave Bridge AC/DC Converters – From diode rectifiers to PWM multilevel converters

Authors:
Serbia, Nicola; Ladoux, Philippe; Marino, Pompeo

13

14

15

Harmonic current control for transverse flux machines

Authors:
Kloeck, Jan; Schumacher, Walter

16

High Dynamic Rotor Oriented Current Control for Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machines with Saturation Characteristics

Authors:
Gemassmer, Tobias; Richter, Jan; Schnarrenberger, Mathias; Braun, Michael

17

18

Hybrid substrate - A future material for power semiconductor modules

Authors:
Tang, Xinhe; Meyer, Andreas; Schmidt, Karsten; Voeller, Ulrich; Goetz, Manfred

19

20

Influence of Danfoss Bond Buffer and Cu-Wire Bonds on the Electrical Switching Behaviour of IGBTs

Authors:
Mannmeusel, Guido; Baessler, Marco; Stroebel-Maier, Henning; Becker, Martin; Osterwald, Frank

21

Experimental and Numerical Study of Low and High Frequency Oscillations in IGBTs during Short Circuit

Authors:
Abbate, Carmine; Busatto, Giovanni; Sanseverino, Annunziata; Ronsisvalle, Cesare

22

23

24

25

Progress in performance of high voltage aluminum electrolytic capacitors

Authors:
Andoralov, Victor; Larsson, Christer; Eliasson, Leif

26

Finite Set Model Predictive Control with Imposed Target Dynamic

Authors:
Saeidi, Saeid; Kennel, Ralph

27

28

Interleaved Switching of Symmetrical Six-Phase Drives

Authors:
Glose, Daniel; Leitner, Lukas; Kennel, Ralph

29

The Modular Multilevel Converter as Universal High-Precision 3AC Voltage Source for Power Hardware-in-the-Loop Systems

Authors:
Kolb, Johannes; Kammerer, Felix; Schmitt, Alexander; Gommeringer, Mario; Braun, Michael

30

Class-E Amplifier with SiC-MOSFET switching at 2.5 MHz

Authors:
Haehre, Karsten; Hildebrandt, Nicolai; Kling, Rainer; Heering, Wolfgang

31

High Power IGCT based Multilevel Inverter

Authors:
Wahlstroem, Jonas; Dujic, Drazen; Luescher, Matthias A.; Reist, Samuel

32

Predictive Deadbeat Power Control of PWM Rectifier

Authors:
Li, Zhengxi; Zhang, Yongchang; Fan, Shengwen; Zhang, Hu

33

34

35

Ultra-Low Loss 600V - 1200V GaN Power Transistors for High Efficiency Applications

Authors:
Sheridan, David C.; Lee, D. Y.; Ritenour, Andrew; Bondarenko, Volodymyr; Yang, Jian; Coleman, Charles

36

37

1800A/3.3kV IGBT Module using Advanced Trench HiGT Structure and Module Design Optimization

Authors:
Kushima, Takayuki; Azuma, Katsunori; Nemoto, Yasuhiro; Saito, Katsuaki; Koike, Yoshihiko

38

Resolving Design Trade-offs with the BIGT Concept

Authors:
Storasta, Liutauras; Rahimo, Munaf; Corvasce, Chiara; Kopta, Arnost

39

3.3kV RC-IGCTs Optimized for Multi-Level Topologies

Authors:
Vemulapati, Umamaheswara; Arnold, Martin; Rahimo, Munaf; Stiasny, Thomas; Vobecky, Jan

40

Design of an active battery management system for electric vehicles

Authors:
Szalai, Thomas; Schwalbe, Ulf; Schilling, Marco; Endert, Fabian; Heidrich, Tobias; Ivanov, Svetlozar-Dimitrov

41

42

Modular Multilevel Parallel Converter (M2PC) for electrically driven vehicles

Authors:
Helling, Florian; Pfaeffl, Michael; Huber, Jonas; Goetz, Stefan; Weyh, Thomas

43

Low-Cost, Precision Battery Management System with Active Balancing up to ±10 A

Authors:
Maier, Wenzel; Carneiro Bastos, Izabella; Schmid, Andreas

44

Lithium ion batteries balancing

Authors:
Chatroux, Daniel

45

46

47

1200V 4H-SiC Trench Devices

Authors:
Nakamura, Ryota; Nakano, Yuki; Aketa, Masatoshi; Noriaki, Kawamoto; Ino, Kazuhide

48

Investigation of SiC Stack and Discrete Cascodes

Authors:
Li, Xueqing; Bhalla, Anup; Alexandrov, Petre; Hostetler, John; Fursin, Leonid

49

Investigation of Temperature Sensitive Electrical Parameters for Power Semiconductors (IGBT) in Real-Time Applications

Authors:
Butron Ccoa, Jimmy Alexander; Strauss, Bastian; Mitic, Gerhard; Lindemann, Andreas

50

Packaging Technology Platform for Next Generation High Power IGBT Modules

Authors:
Hartmann, Samuel; Sivasubramaniam, Venkatesh; Guillon, David; Hajas, David E.; Schuetz, Rolf; Truessel, Dominik; Papadopoulos, Charalampos

51

Operational Tests for the MMC-Based VSC Valves

Authors:
Xu, Tianning; Davidson, Colin C.

52

Controlled Square Wave High Frequency Rectifier

Authors:
Perez-Basante, Angel; Garate, Jose Igancio; Alegria, Inigo Martinez de; Kortabarria, Inigo; Andreu, Jon

53

Integrated DC link capacitor/bus enables a 20% increase in inverter efficiency

Authors:
Brubaker, Michael; Hage, Dayana El; Hosking, Terry; Sawyer, Edward; Franke, W.-Toke

54

55

Recursive dead time compensation techniques for PV system power converters

Authors:
Attaianese, Ciro; D’Arpino, Matilde; Monaco, Mauro Di; Tomasso, Giuseppe

56

Performance advantage of enhanced transformers with integrated current doubler

Authors:
Kleeb, Thiemo; Fenske, Florian; Kazanbas, Mehmet; Araujo, Samuel; Zacharias, Peter

57

58

Simulating Saturation Behavior of Inductive Components

Authors:
Schliewe, Joern; Schefler, Stefan; Weber, Stefan

59

An APF oriented Transfer Mold DIPIPM utilizing MOSFET with super junction structure

Authors:
Kato, Masahiro; Shiramizu, Masataka; Tanaka, Tomofumi

60

Impact of module parasitics on the performance of fastswitching devices

Authors:
Mueller, Christian R.; Buschhorn, Stefan

61

Potentials and Requirements of Silicon Carbide Hybrid Power Modules for Railway Onboard Auxiliary Power Supplies

Authors:
Ocklenburg, Marc-Andre; Helsper, Martin; Siemer, Holger; Gusek, Andreas

62

Evaluation of enhanced power modules with planar interconnection technology for aerospace application

Authors:
Liebig, Sebastian; Engstler, Juergen; Kriegel, Kai; Weidner, Karl

63

Integrated packaging allows for improvement in switching characteristics of silicon carbide devices

Authors:
Buttay, Cyril; Falahi, Khalil El; Robutel, Remi; Hascoet, Stanislavs; Allard, Bruno; Martin, Christian; Johnson, Mark

64

SiC-JFET in half-bridge configuration – parasitic turn-on at current commutation

Authors:
Heer, Daniel; Bayerer, Reinhold; Domes, Daniel

65

Packages for Fast Switching HV GaN Power Devices

Authors:
Klein, Kirill; Hoene, Eckart; Lang, Klaus-Dieter

66

67

High efficiency parallel-parallel LLC resonant converter for HV/LV power conversion in electric/hybrid vehicles

Authors:
Yang, Gang; Sardat, Pierre; Dubus, Patrick; Sadarnac, Daniel

68

69

A three-phase four-wire grid-connected photovoltaic system with active power line conditioning

Authors:
Campanhol, Leonardo B. G.; Oliveira da Silva, Sergio A.; Sampaio, Leonardo P.

70

A low cost photovoltaic maximum power point tracking buck converter for cell phone charging applications

Authors:
Rogers, Dan; Green, James; Foster, Martin; Stone, Dave; Schofield, Dan; Abuzed, Sami; Buckley, Alastair

71

Development of a hybrid power generation system

Authors:
Hinz, Hartmut; Zuber, Benjamin; Kilz, Jonas

72

A new HiPak Module Platform with Improved Reliability

Authors:
Paques, G.; Beyer, H.; Ehrbar, R.; Ellenbroek, S.; Fischer, F.; Karadaghi, S.; Matthias, S.; Oezkol, E.; Truessel, D.; Schnell, R.; Kopta, A.

73

Reliable & Fault-Tolerant DC/DC-Converter Structures

Authors:
Gleissner, Michael; Bakran, Mark-M.

74

Simultaneous online estimation of junction temperature and current of IGBTs using emitter-auxiliary emitter parasitic inductance

Authors:
Sundaramoorthy, Vinoth Kumar; Bianda, Enea; Bloch, Richard; Zurfluh, Franz

75

Compact 100A/1200V SiC Power Module for Industrial Applications Using DioMOS (Diode in MOSFET) Devices

Authors:
Watanabe, Keisuke; Hozumi, Norimitsu; Kaizaki, Yasuhiro; Nakata, Hideki; Harada, Takashi; Usui, Ryosuke; Sawada, Kazuyuki; Ueda, Tetsuzo; Hiraoka, Hironori; Yamamoto, Hirofumi; Nishimura, Yoshikazu

76

77

Power Loss Estimation in SiC Power BJTs

Authors:
Chen, Cheng; Labrousse, Denis; Lefebvre, Stephane; Morel, Herve; Buttay, Cyril; Andre, Julien; Domeij, Martin

78

79

80

81

82

83

Cost Benefits on High Frequency Converter system based on SiC MOSFET approach

Authors:
Abbatelli, Luigi; Macauda, Michele; Catalisano, Giuseppe; Boscarato, Albert; Kohout, Daniel

84

Saving money: SiC in UPS applications

Authors:
Buschhorn, Stefan; Vogel, Klaus

85

86

Efficient and Compact 50kW Gen2 SiC Device Based PV String Inverter

Authors:
Mookken, John; Agrawal, Binod; Liu, Jimmy

87

System Benefits for Solar Inverters using SiC Semiconductor Modules

Authors:
Schwarzer, Ulrich; Buschhorn, Stefan; Vogel, Klaus

88

PV inverter requirement updated for LVRT capabilities under recent grid codes legislation

Authors:
Vite Frias, Jose Alberto; Munoz-Cruzado Alba, Jesus; Villegas Nunez, Javier; Hernandez, Ezequiel Ruben

89

Efficiency of selected generator-converter-topologies for wind and water power plants

Authors:
Urech, Markus; Jenni, Felix; Wiederkehr, Martin

90

Arc Fault Detection Using Rogowski Coils

Authors:
Healy, Gerard; Roemer, Glenn

91

Robust induction generator concept with parallel exitation

Authors:
Meier, Christian; Schlumpf, Roger; Strittmatter, Tobias; Jenni, Felix

92

Ultra Low Voltage DC-to-DC Converter for Solar Applications

Authors:
Edelmoser, K. H.; Himmelstoss, F. A.

93

94

Resistorless Precharging of Boost PFCs by Phase Angle Control of Thyristors

Authors:
Schafmeister, Frank; Hufnagel, Michael; Ide, Peter

95

96

97

98

Switching characteristics of modern 6.5kV IGBT/Diode

Authors:
Heer, Daniel; Bayoumi, Amr Khairy

99

100

A robust and automated parameters calibration procedure for PSpice IGBT models

Authors:
Cavaiuolo, D.; Riccio, M.; Maresca, L.; Falco, G. De; Romano, G.; Irace, A.; Breglio, G.

101

Source modulation technique applied to enhance the Short-Circuit robustness of a PT-IGBT

Authors:
Maresca, Luca; Riccio, Michele; Breglio, Giovanni; Irace, Andrea; Sanfilippo, Carmelo; Crudelini, Filippo; El Baradai, Nabil; Carta, Rossano; Merlin, Luigi

102

103

104

The new ST Super-junction Technologies ideal for Resonant Topologies

Authors:
Gaito, Antonino; Stella, Cristiano Gianluca; Ardita, Giovanni

105

MOSFET technologies key parameters to improve the EMI circuit behavior

Authors:
Scrimizzi, Filippo; Longo, Giuseppe

106

107

A Physically Based Scalable SPICE Model for High-Voltage Super-Junction MOSFETs

Authors:
Victory, James; Son, Dongkook; Neyer, Thomas; Lee, Kwangwon; Zhou, Edward; Wang, Jason; Yazdi, Mehrdad Baghaie

108

Comparison of Si/SiC Semiconductor Performance Using Experiment- based Simulation

Authors:
Hilden, Tim; Jaenker, Peter; Frey, Lothar

109

SiC Mosfet for high temperature motor driving Applications

Authors:
Oge, Sebastien; Ouaida, Remy; Brosselard, Pierre; Peyresoubes, Georges

110

111

Challenges in Switching SiC MOSFET without Ringing

Authors:
Li, Helong; Munk-Nielsen, Stig

112

113

114

115

116

Highly Efficient Low-Voltage DC-DC Converter at 2-5 MHz with High Operating Current Using GaN Gate Injection Transistors

Authors:
Umeda, Hidekazu; Kinoshita, Yusuke; Ujita, Shinji; Morita, Tatsuo; Tamura, Satoshi; Ishida, Masahiro; Ueda, Tetsuzo

117

Prospects of GaN devices in automotive electrification

Authors:
Araujo, Samuel; Kazanbas, Mehmet; Wendt, Marita; Kleeb, Thiemo; Zacharias, Peter

118

Low Inductance full SiC Power Module

Authors:
Hatsukawa, Satoshi; Tsuno, Takashi; Toyoshima, Shigenori; Hirakata, Noriyuki

119

Low-inductive compact SiC power modules for high-frequency operation

Authors:
Meisser, Michael; Hamilton, Dean; Blank, Thomas; Mawby, Philip

120

p2 Pack - the Paradigm Shift in Interconnect Technology

Authors:
Gottwald, Thomas; Roessle, Christian

121

Novel Design Concept for Modular Multilevel Converter Power Modules

Authors:
Waltrich, Uwe; Malipaard, Dirk; Schletz, Andreas

122

Reliability Improvement of Large Area Soldering Connections by Antimony Containing Lead-Free Solder

Authors:
Beyer, H.; Sivasubramaniam, V.; Hajas, D.; Nanser, E.; Brem, F.

123

A critical review of corrosion phenomena in microelectronic systems

Authors:
Wagner, Stefan; Hoeppner, Katrin; Toepper, Michael; Wittler, Olaf; Lang, Klaus-Dieter

124

Microstructural and mechanical analyses of Ag sintered joints

Authors:
Weber, Constanze; Hutter, Matthias; Oppermann, Hermann; Lang, Klaus-Dieter

125

126

A New Low Loss MOSFET Intelligent Power Module for the Low Power Motor Drive Applications

Authors:
Shim, SungUn; Kim, Taehyun; Lee, Minsub; Lee, Junbae; Chung, Daewoong

127

Development of New 1200V SPM smart power module for Industrial Motor Drive Applications

Authors:
Kwon, Tae-Sung; Hong, Seung-Hyun; Baek, Jong-Hwan; Yong, Sung-Il

128

Electromagnetic robustness validation for gate drivers

Authors:
Junk, Stefan; Hoene, Eckart

129

Application of Nucleate Boiling with Micro Structured Surfaces for Electronic Cooling

Authors:
Schubert, Andreas; Zinecker, Mike; Hackert-Oschaetzchen, Matthias; Lausberg, Martin; Schulz, Andreas

130

Two-Phase Cooling of Hot-Swappable Modular Converters

Authors:
Gradinger, Thomas; Agostini, Francesco; Cottet, Didier

131

The Challenge of Accurately Analyzing Thermal Resistances

Authors:
Kerstin, Nils; Schulz, Martin

132

133

134

Next-gen IGBT module structure for hybrid vehicle with high cooling performance and high temperature operation

Authors:
Gohara, Hiromichi; Nishimura, Yoshitaka; Morozumi, Akira; Dietrich, Peter; Mochizuki, Eiji; Takahashi, Yoshikazu

135

Evaluation of phase change thermal interface materials for power modules performance enhancement

Authors:
Basler, Anthony; Bontemps, Serge; Salland, Matthieu

136

Comparison of Topologies for the Main Inverter of an Electric Vehicle

Authors:
Brueske, Stephan; Kuehne, Robin; Fuchs, Friedrich W.

137

Electric Vehicle DC-Quick-Charger Security

Authors:
Bouabana, Abdoulkarim; Dost, Philip; Sourkounis, Constantinos

138

Onboard battery chargers in electric cars: benchmarking a novel 5-level hybrid converter with a full SiC-based approach

Authors:
Oliveira, Eduardo de; Araujo, Samuel; Dombert, Benjamin; Zacharias, Peter

139

140

A Soft-Switching Interleaved DC-DC Converter with Integrated Magnetics for High Voltage Battery Charger

Authors:
Li, Rongyuan; Njiende, Hugues; Schafmeister, Frank; Ide, Peter

141

Electric Vehicle DC-Quick-Charger DC-Link assessment

Authors:
Dost, Philip; Bouabana, Abdoulkarim; Sourkounis, Constantinos

142

143

Vishay Dale WSBP8518 Intelligent Battery Sensor

Authors:
Lohmeier, Christopher; Veik, Tom

144

Comparison of Powertrain Concepts for Electric Vehicles Using Distributed Induction Motors

Authors:
Schael, Michael; Spichartz, Philipp; Sourkounis, Constantinos

145

146

147

Practical control loop design and verification in switch mode power supply applications

Authors:
Schilling, Marco; Schwalbe, Ulf; Reimann, Tobias

148

149

Hybrid Control of 2- and 3-Level Converters

Authors:
Krah, Jens Onno; Hoeltgen, Markus

150

151

Turnkey Solution for Single-phase Grid-connected DC/AC Converter Controls

Authors:
Gerngross, Sarah; Dick, Christian Peter

152

Modulation and Losses of Modular Multilevel Converters for HVDC Applications

Authors:
Schoen, Andre; Birkel, Andre; Bakran, Mark-M.

153

Speed Estimation of DFIM by Using Frequency Analysis of Stator Current

Authors:
Fang, J.; Staudt, V.; Steimel, A.

154

155

156

Impact of the Working Frequency on Wireless Power Transfer Systems

Authors:
Turki, Faical; Wiengarten, Ralf; Reising, Viktor; Kratser, Alexey

157

158

An improved series-parallel processing applied to a single-phase line-interactive UPS system for low power and low cost applications

Authors:
Bacon, Vinícius D.; Oliveira da Silva, Sérgio A.; Modesto, Rodrigo A.; Sampaio, Leonardo P.

159

160

SiC Modular Multilevel Converters: Sub-Module Voltage Ripple Analysis and Efficiency Estimations

Authors:
Perez-Basante, Angel; Ceballos, Salvador; Pou, Josep; Pou, Josep; Muro, Asier Gil de; Pujana, Ainhoa; Ibanez, Pedro

161

Identifying EMI sources in power switch commutation

Authors:
Bocchiola, C.; Gorgerino, Andrea; Maurice, Yannick

162

Advanced active dv/dt filter for inverter powered drives with charge pulse and motor sided capacitance

Authors:
Muenster, Patrick; Hermann, Johannes; Eckel, Hans-Guenter

163

A novel approach to efficient inrush current limitation for LED power applications

Authors:
Tech, Hendrik; Leber, Dirk; Schwarzmeier, Andre

164

Optimal PWM Implementation for Dimming Control of LED lamps

Authors:
Branas, Christian; Azcondo, Francisco J.; Casanueva, Rosario; Diaz, Francisco J.

165

166

167

NZID (Near Zero Interlock Delay) driving principle

Authors:
Zajc, Anja; Zajc, Franci; Zajc Zdesar, Ivica; Zajc, Franc

168

Power supply source for the continental shelf bottom exploration system

Authors:
Skorokhod, Yury; Volsky, Sergei; Antushev, Nikolay; Volskiy, Nikolay

169

170

171

Combined Solid-state AC/DC switch for laboratory applications

Authors:
Kohlmann, M.; Kueper, T.; Staudt, V.; Steimel, A.

172

A Highly Reliable Point of Load, Low-Voltage DC/DC Converter for an FPGA Platform

Authors:
Amirpour, Masoumeh; Polster, Markus; Czarnecki, Lothar

173

Indirect Current Source Inverter with Regenerative Snubber Circuit

Authors:
Austermann, Johann; Studen, Christian; Borcherding, Holger; Boecker, Joachim

174

A High Current, High Frequency Modular Multiphase Multilevel Converter for Power Hardware-in-the-Loop Emulation

Authors:
Schmitt, Alexander; Gommeringer, Mario; Kolb, Johannes; Braun, Michael

175

176

Control of the Cascaded H-bridge Multilevel Matrix Converter

Authors:
Li, Yao; Xu, Lie; Li, Yongdong

177

178

An overview on converter efficiency increasing techniques

Authors:
Onederra, Oier; Ibarra, Edorta; Kortabarria, Inigo; Andreu, Jon; Perez-Basante, Angel

179

Optimizing Power Consumption of Embedded Systems Using Smart Power Supply Solutions

Authors:
Schoenitz, Norbert; Winterstein, Wilhelm; Strzalkowski, Bernhard

180

Analysis of Hybrid MOSFET/IGBT Switches Utilized in High Frequency Resonant Converters

Authors:
Bergmann, J.; Broecker, F.; Hoffmann, K. F.

181

182

183

Over-Temperature protection for IGBT modules

Authors:
Wang, Ke; Liao, Yongjun; Song, Gaosheng; Ma, Xiankui

184

185

Electric Vehicle DC-Quick-Charger Test Bed configuration

Authors:
Bouabana, Abdoulkarim; Dost, Philip; Sourkounis, Constantinos

186

Online insulation condition monitoring of ac machines using ultra-fast inverter switching transition based on new semi-conductor materials

Authors:
Vogelsberger, M. A.; Zoeller, C.; Nussbaumer, P.; Votzi, H.; Ertl, H.; Wolbank, Th. M.

187

Model Based Design Tools in Closed Loop Motor Control

Authors:
O’Sullivan, Dara; Sorensen, Jens; Frederiksen, Anders

188

Design and Simulation of High Power Filter Inductors with Minimized Thermal Resistance

Authors:
Stadler, Alexander; Stolzke, Tobias; Gulden, Christof

189

Modeling of softmagnetic composites

Authors:
Owzareck, Michael

190

Size Reduction of a DC link Choke Using Saturation-gap and Biasing with Permanent Magnets

Authors:
Revilla Aguilar, Andres; Munk-Nielsen, Stig; Zuccherato, Marco; Thougaard, Hans-Jorgen,

191

Electric Vehicle DC-Quick-Charger Grid Load Assessment

Authors:
Dost, Philip; Bouabana, Abdoulkarim; Sourkounis, Constantinos