Towards Low-Complexity Linear-Programming Decoding

Conference: TURBO - CODING - 2006 - 4th International Symposium on Turbo Codes & Related Topics; 6th International ITG-Conference on Source and Channel Coding
04/03/2006 - 04/07/2006 at Munich, Germany

Proceedings: TURBO - CODING - 2006

Pages: 9Language: englishTyp: PDF

Personal VDE Members are entitled to a 10% discount on this title

Vontobel, Pascal O. (Dept. of EECS, MIT, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA)
Koetter, Ralf (CSL and Dept. of ECE, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA)

We consider linear-programming (LP) decoding of low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes. While it is clear that one can use any general-purpose LP solver to solve the LP that appears in the decoding problem, we argue in this paper that the LP at hand is equipped with a lot of structure that one should take advantage of. Towards this goal, we study the dual LP and show how coordinate-ascent methods lead to very simple update rules that are tightly connected to the min-sum algorithm. Moreover, replacing minima in the formula of the dual LP with soft-minima one obtains update rules that are tightly connected to the sum-product algorithm. This shows that LP solvers with complexity similar to the min-sum algorithm and the sum-product algorithm are feasible. Finally, we also discuss some sub-gradient-based methods.