A Code-aided Estimation and Detection scheme for fast-fading MIMO Channels based on Factor Graphs

Conference: TURBO - CODING - 2006 - 4th International Symposium on Turbo Codes & Related Topics; 6th International ITG-Conference on Source and Channel Coding
04/03/2006 - 04/07/2006 at Munich, Germany

Proceedings: TURBO - CODING - 2006

Pages: 6Language: englishTyp: PDF

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Simoens, Frederik; Moeneclaey, Marc (TELIN Dept., Ghent University, Belgium)

This paper concerns channel tracking in a multi-antenna context for fading channels obeying a Gauss-Markov model. It is known that, data-aided tracking of fast-fading channels requires a lot of pilot symbols in order to achieve sufficient accuracy, and hence decreases the spectral efficiency. To overcome this problem, we design a code-aided estimation scheme which exploits information from both the pilot symbols and the unknown coded data symbols. The algorithm is derived based on a factor graph representation of the system and application of the sum-product algorithm. The sum-product algorithm reveals how soft-information from the decoder should be exploited for the purpose of estimation and how the information bits can be detected. Simulation results illustrate the effectiveness of our approach.