Study of Sea Clutter Influence in Ship Classification Algorithms based on Polarimetric SAR Inteferometry

Conference: EUSAR 2008 - 7th European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar
06/02/2008 - 06/05/2008 at Friedrichshafen, Germany

Proceedings: EUSAR 2008

Pages: 4Language: englishTyp: PDF

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Margarit, Gerard; Mallorquí, Jordi J. (Remote Sensing Lab. (RSLab), Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain)

This paper is focused to evaluate the influence of sea clutter in the performance of ship classification algorithms based on single-pass Polarimetric SAR Interferometry (PolInSAR). For such purpose, series of numerical simulations have been carried out with GRECOSAR, the SAR simulator of complex targets developed by UPC. There, different types of vessels have been considered for a TerraSAR-X like sensor and a sea surface following the two-scale wave approach. The quality of ship discrimination has been quantitatively evaluated with a novel identification method that exploits the particular scattering properties of ships. The results show that the presence of clutter does not notably drop identification performance, despite negative matches can be observed in some particular situations. But the requirement of single-pass interferometric capabilities is not achieved by any of the existing orbital system. This can difficult the validation of what has been observed in simulation environments and can be one of the most limiting factors for the practical implementation of these techniques. Ideas and possible solutions to relax the system requirements are preliminary discussed.