Häb-Umbach, Reinhold (Fachgebiet Nachrichtentechnik, Universität Paderborn, 33098 Paderborn)
The term uncertainty decoding has been phrased for a class of robustness enhancing algorithms in automatic speech recognition that replace point estimates and plug-in rules by posterior densities and optimal decision rules. While uncertainty can be incorporated in the model domain, in the feature domain, or even in both, we concentrate here on feature domain approaches as they tend to be computationally less demanding. We derive optimal decision rules in the presence of uncertain observations and discuss simplifications which result in computationally efficient realizations. The usefulness of the presented statistical framework is then exemplified for two types of realworld problems: The first is improving the robustness of speech recognition towards incomplete or corrupted feature vectors due to a lossy communication link between the speech capturing front end and the backend recognition engine. And the second is the well-known and extensively studied issue of improving the robustness of the recognizer towards environmental noise.