TOPS Interferometry with TerraSAR-X

Conference: EUSAR 2010 - 8th European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar
06/07/2010 - 06/10/2010 at Aachen, Germany

Proceedings: EUSAR 2010

Pages: 4Language: englishTyp: PDF

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Prats, Pau; Marotti, Luca; Wollstadt, Steffen; Scheiber, Rolf (Microwaves and Radar Institute, German Aerospace Center, Germany)

This paper presents results on SAR interferometry with the so-called TOPS mode. The rationale to retrieve accurate interferometric products with such a mode is expounded, emphasizing the critical step of coregistering the pairs. Due to the particularities of the TOPS mode, a high Doppler-centroid is present at burst edges, demanding very high azimuth coregistration performance. A coregistration accuracy of one tenth of a pixel, as it is usually recommended with interferometric applications, will result in a large undesired azimuth phase ramp in the TOPS mode, above all at X-band. This paper presents two approaches based on the spectral diversity technique to estimate this offset with the required accuracy. Experimental results with repeat-pass TerraSAR-X data are shown to validate the proposed approach.