End-effector obstacle avoidance using multiple dynamic variables

Conference: ISR/ROBOTIK 2010 - ISR 2010 (41st International Symposium on Robotics) and ROBOTIK 2010 (6th German Conference on Robotics)
06/07/2010 - 06/09/2010 at Munich, Germany

Proceedings: ISR/ROBOTIK 2010

Pages: 6Language: englishTyp: PDF

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Reimann, Hendrik; Iossifidis, Ioannis; Schöner, Gregor (Institut für Neuroinformatik, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, 44801 Bochum, Germany)

Generating flexible collision-free reaching movements is a standard task for autonomous articulated robots that is critical especially when such systems interact with humans in a service robotics setting. Current solutions are still challenging to put into practice. Here we generalize an approach first used to plan end-effector movement that is based on attractor dynamical systems. We show, how different contributions to the motion planning dynamics can be formulated in constraint-specific reference frames and then transformed into the frame of the joint velocity vector. We implement this system on an 8 DoF redundant manipulator and show its feasibility in a simulation. A systematic experiment with randomly generated obstacle scenes characterizes the performance of the system. Especially challenging configurations of obstacles are discussed to illustrate how the method solves these cases.