Localization of Passive UHF RFID Labels Using An Unscented Kalman Filter with Relative Position Information

Conference: RFID SysTech 2011 - 7th European Workshop on Smart Objects: Systems, Technologies and Applications
05/17/2011 - 05/18/2011 at Dresden, Germany

Proceedings: RFID SysTech 2011

Pages: 7Language: englishTyp: PDF

Personal VDE Members are entitled to a 10% discount on this title

Nick, Theresa; Götze, Jürgen (TU Dortmund University, 44221 Dortmund, Germany)
John, Werner (System Integration Laboratory, 33100 Paderborn, Germany)
Stönner, Gerhard (Deutsche Post AG, 64276 Darmstadt, Germany)

The localization of objects equipped with passive UHF RFID labels using the Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) values is investigated. An Unscented Kalman Filter (UKF) is used for the localization of the object. Adding (N-1) additional tags with known relative position to the object (relative to its main tag), this information can be incorporated into the UKF resulting in an Unscented Kalman Filter with relative position information (UKF_rp). Simulation results based on measured RSSI values show that the usage of relative positioning leads to an increase in localization accuracy especially when few antennae are used.