GaP(100) and InP(100) surface structures in the MOVPE ambient
Conference: IPRM 2011 - 23th International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials
05/22/2011 - 05/26/2011 at Berlin, Germany
Proceedings: IPRM 2011
Pages: 4Language: englishTyp: PDFPersonal VDE Members are entitled to a 10% discount on this title
Döscher, H.; Möller, K.; Kleinschmidt, P.; Hannappel, T. (Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin, Hahn-Meitner-Platz 1, 14109 Berlin, Germany)
Vogt, P. (Technical University Berlin, Hardenbergstr. 36, 10623 Berlin, Germany)
Employing either nitrogen or hydrogen as carrier gas, we investigated the successive development of the characteristic GaP(100) and InP(100) surface reconstructions during thermal induced phosphorus desorption of in the MOVPE reactor. The results differed significantly dependent on the MOVPE ambient, N2 versus H2, and the substrate type, GaP(100) versus InP(100). In addition to specifically ordered, well-established P-/H-terminated and cation-terminated surface reconstructions, intermediate surface phases were identified by characteristic RA spectra, when preparing GaP(100) in N2. In contrast, InP(100) showed very similar surface signals independent of the utilized MOVPE process gas. The experimental results were compared to the established surface phase diagrams obtained from first-principles total-energy and electronic structure calculation. For verification of the surface symmetry attributed to the different characteristic in situ RA spectra, the findings were benchmarked with low energy electron diffraction (LEED) measurements after contaminationfree transfer of the samples to ultra-high vacuum (UHV). Well-defined, atomically ordered P-rich surfaces are common for MOVPE prepared GaP(100) and InP(100) surfaces, which are terminated by alternating buckled phosphorus dimers stabilized by one hydrogen atom per dimer. Using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), we resolved individual areas of coexisting p(2×2) and c(4×2) surface symmetry and observed temporal changes of the dimer configurations. Comparison of successive images reveals flipping of the P-dimers in several locations of both GaP(100) and InP(100), which requires shifting of the H-termination between the P-atoms in the respective dimers.