Demonstration of a 34 nm monolithic continuously tunable VCSEL at 1.55 µm combined with liquid crystal

Conference: IPRM 2011 - 23th International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials
05/22/2011 - 05/26/2011 at Berlin, Germany

Proceedings: IPRM 2011

Pages: 4Language: englishTyp: PDF

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Castany, O.; Dupont, L. (Université Européenne de Bretagne, Telecom Bretagne, FOTON, UMR 6082, France)
Paranthoen, C.; Levallois, C.; Shuaib, A.; Gauthier, J. P.; Chevalier, N.; Durand, O.; Corre, A. Le (Université Européenne de Bretagne, INSA, FOTON, UMR 6082, France)

A 1.55 µm emitting tunable vertical cavity surface emitting laser (VCSEL) is fabricated, using an intracavity nematic liquid crystal layer. Half cavity VCSEL are realized on InP(001), based on quantum wells associated with broadband dielectric mirror, following by the insertion of a 3 µm thick liquid crystal layer in the cavity. Room temperature laser emission is obtained in the 1.5 µm wavelength range. Single mode emission with a continuously tuning range of 34 nm is demonstrated by applying a voltage on the liquid crystal layer as low as 2.4 V. Output tunable VCSEL peak emission is polarized along the liquid crystal extraordinary axis. Considering that the full liquid crystal index variation for voltage close to 10 V results in a wavelength tuning as high as 100 nm, these preliminary results demonstrate the interest of nematic liquid crystal in achieving polarization stabilized widely tunable and monolithic VCSELs.