Ship Detection with Spaceborne Multi-channel SAR/GMTI Radars
Conference: EUSAR 2012 - 9th European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar
04/23/2012 - 04/26/2012 at Nuremberg, Germany
Proceedings: EUSAR 2012
Pages: 4Language: englishTyp: PDFPersonal VDE Members are entitled to a 10% discount on this title
Cerutti-Maori, Delphine (Fraunhofer Institute for High Frequency Physics and Radar Techniques (FHR), Wachtberg, Germany)
Sikaneta, Ishuwa; Gierull, Christoph (Defence Research & Development Canada (DRDC), Ottawa, Canada)
This paper presents a new approach for detecting ships from a spaceborne multi-channel SAR/GMTI radar. The ship detection is based on a combination of conventional SAR processing and multi-channel SAR/GMTI processing. While large vessels with high RCS (Radar Cross Section) can be successfully detected with a single-channel SAR, small moving ships with low RCS are hidden by the sea clutter returns and can not be directly detected. Multi-channel adaptive processing like ISTAP (Imaging Space-Time Adaptive Processing)  or EDPCA (Extended Displaced Phase Center Antenna)  enables efficient cancellation of the interfering sea clutter and detection of the moving vessels.