Advanced Cooling for Power Electronics

Conference: CIPS 2012 - 7th International Conference on Integrated Power Electronics Systems
03/06/2012 - 03/08/2012 at Nuremberg, Germany

Proceedings: CIPS 2012

Pages: 8Language: englishTyp: PDF

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Kang, Sukhvinder S. (Aavid Thermalloy LLC, Concord NH, USA)

Power electronics devices such as MOSFET's, GTO's, IGBT's, IGCT's etc. are now widely used to efficiently deliver electrical power in home electronics, industrial drives, telecommunication, transport, electric grid and numerous other applications. This paper discusses cooling technologies that have evolved in step to remove increasing levels of heat dissipation and manage junction temperatures to achieve goals for efficiency, cost, and reliability. Cooling technologies rely on heat spreading and convection. In applications that use natural or forced air cooling, water heat pipes provide efficient heat spreading for size and weight reduction. Previous concepts are reviewed and an improved heat sink concept with staggered fin density is described for more isothermal cooling. Where gravity can drive liquid flow, thermosiphons provide efficient heat transport to remote fin volumes that can be oriented for natural and/or forced air cooling. Liquid cold plates (LCP's) offer the means to cool high heat loads and heat fluxes including double sided cooling for the highest density packaging. LCP's can be used both in single phase cooling systems with aqueous or oil based coolants and in two-phase cooling systems with dielectric fluids and refrigerants. Previous concepts are reviewed and new concepts including an air cooled heat sink, a thermosiphon heat sink, a vortex flow LCP and a shear flow direct contact cooling concept are described.