Efficient Channel State Information Acquisition in Massive MIMO Systems using Non-Orthogonal Pilots

Conference: WSA 2017 - 21th International ITG Workshop on Smart Antennas
03/15/2017 - 03/17/2017 at Berlin, Deutschland

Proceedings: WSA 2017

Pages: 8Language: englishTyp: PDF

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Ferrand, Paul; Decurninge, Alexis; Guillaud, Maxime; Ordonez, Luis (Mathematical and Algorithmic Sciences Laboratory, Huawei Technologies, France Research Center, 20 quai du Point du Jour, 92100 Boulogne Billancourt, France)

The objective of this article is to review and benchmark strategies to acquire channel state information (CSI) in time-division duplex (TDD) Massive MIMO systems. In particular, we consider the use of statistical CSI at the base stations (BSs), together with non-orthogonal pilot sequences. Such techniques can theoretically reduce the amount of spectral resources dedicated to channel sounding, thanks to the increased pilot reuse that they allow. We review their application, and present a holistic evaluation of their practical implementation and limitations, including factors that are often neglected in theoretical works, including covariance estimation and tracking, non-orthogonal pilot sequences, signaling associated with dynamically allocated pilot sequences, realistic channel model (spatial covariance, stationarity), and imperfect statistical CSI. We present a possible design addressing these various problems with reasonable complexity, and benchmark the achieved performance. Our results show that when the cost of CSI acquisition is properly accounted for, the tracking of statistical CSI together with the use of non-orthogonal pilots enables to reach a higher effective spectral efficiency than what can be achieved with orthogonal pilot sequences.