Receive Antenna Selection and Hybrid Precoding for Receive Spatial Modulation in Massive MIMO Systems

Conference: WSA 2018 - 22nd International ITG Workshop on Smart Antennas
03/14/2018 - 03/16/2018 at Bochum, Deutschland

Proceedings: ITG-Fb. 276: WSA 2018

Pages: 8Language: englishTyp: PDF

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Authors:
Raafat, Ahmed; Agustin, Adrian; Vidal, Josep (Dept. of Signal Theory and Communications, Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya (UPC), Barcelona, Spain)

Abstract:
Recently, a receive spatial modulation (RSM) for massive multiple-input-multiple-output operating in millimeter wave (mmWave) was introduced with the purpose of simplifying user terminal circuit by employing only one radio-frequency chain and attaining high spectral efficiency by exploiting the receive spatial dimension. However, when RSM is applied in a mmWave channel, it demands a challenging receive antenna selection (RAS) procedure. On the other hand, the power consumption at the transmitter side is high when a full digital (FD) precoder is envisioned. We consider the joint problem of RAS and precoder designs based low complexity hybrid architecture. For the sake of simplicity, we divide this problem into two subproblems. First, we design the RAS assuming FD precoder, and then, we design the hybrid precoder. We propose two novel and efficient RAS methods. First, we formulate the RAS as non-convex optimization problem. Then, we convert it into a convex optimization problem by introducing novel lower bounds and relaxing non-convex constraints. Second, we provide sequential algorithms that approach the optimal selection where we (add/remove) one (good/poor) antenna per iteration. We propose novel zero forcing hybrid precoder based convex optimization that maximizes the received power. We prove that the proposed precoder is optimal when the channel is highly spatially sparse. The proposed designs have been compared with the best known methods in terms of average mutual information and energy efficiency showing significant improvements.