Geostatistical Analysis and Mitigation of Atmosphere Induced Phase In Terrestrial Radar Interferometric Observations of An Alpine Glacier

Conference: EUSAR 2018 - 12th European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar
06/04/2018 - 06/07/2018 at Aachen, Germany

Proceedings: EUSAR 2018

Pages: 6Language: englishTyp: PDF

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Baffelli, Simone (ETH Zurich, Switzerland)
Frey, Othmar (ETH Zurich & Gamma Remote Sensing, Switzerland)
Hajnsek, Irena (ETH Zurich, Switzerland & German Areospace Center (DLR), Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany)

Terrestrial Radar Interferometry is used to map surface displacement velocites with high temporal resolution, irrespective of sunlight and cloud cover. The main factor limiting estimation accuracy are variations in the atmospheric refractive index, observed as atmospheric phase screens (APS). A statistical model for APS assuming a separable spatio-temporal covariance structure is described. It facilitates the extrapolation of the APS from observations at persistent scatterers (PS) using regression-Kriging, which is followed by a timeseries inversion to estimate the surface velocity. A statistical analysis of the APS is performed using a Ku-Band radar timeseries of Bisgletscher, a glacier in the Southwestern Swiss Alps. The results show that, while some non-stationarity in the covariance structure is observed at large timescales, the covariance models obtained assuming separability perform well in APS mitigation using regression-Kriging.