Experimental Analysis of High Resolution Indoor THz SAR Imaging

Conference: WSA 2020 - 24th International ITG Workshop on Smart Antennas
02/18/2020 - 02/20/2020 at Hamburg, Germany

Proceedings: ITG-Fb. 291: WSA 2020

Pages: 5Language: englishTyp: PDF

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Batra, Aman; Zantah, Yamen; Wiemeler, Michael; Kaiser, Thomas (Institute of Digital Signal Processing, University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany)
Vu, Viet T.; Pettersson, Mats I. (Department of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Blekinge Institute of Technology, Sweden)
Goehringer, Diana (Chair of Adaptive Dynamic Systems, Technische Universit├Ąt Dresden, Germany)

Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) technology is most commonly used in the frequency span of sub-30 GHz which provides the spatial resolution in the range of sub-cm. This technology is being extended to higher frequencies such as millimeter wave and THz region to achieve higher resolution in the range of sub-mm. This expands the SAR applications for material characterization, classification and sub-mm localization. However, the region is suitable for short propagation distance such as an indoor environment. Therefore, to investigate the achieved resolution and quality of the SAR images at THz, an indoor SAR testbed based on vector network analyzer has been setup for the measurements. This paper explains the indoor SAR geometry and describes the associated testbed along with the system parameters. The measurements are performed at a centre frequency of 275 GHz with a bandwidth of 110 GHz. The measurement results are analyzed for the theoretical resolution with the Backprojection Algorithm and the findings are presented in this paper. The sub-mm spatial resolution imaging of two small size metallic objects are performed.