Characterizing the Response of an EUV Reticle during Electrostatic Chucking
Conference: EMLC 2006 - 22nd European Mask and Lithography Conference
01/23/2006 - 01/26/2006 at Dresden, Germany
Proceedings: EMLC 2006
Pages: 8Language: englishTyp: PDFPersonal VDE Members are entitled to a 10% discount on this title
Engelstad, Roxann L.; Lovell, Edward G.; Mikkelson, Andrew R.; Nataraju, Madhura; Ramaswamy, Vasu; Sohn, Jaewoong; Dicks, Gerald A.; Abdo, Amr Y.; Tejeda, Richard O. (University of Wisconsin, United States)
Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography (EUVL) is one of the leading candidates for Next-Generation Lithography in the sub-45-nm regime. One of the key components in the development of EUVL is understanding and characterizing the response of the mask when it is electrostatically chucked in the exposure tool. In this study, finite element (FE) models have been developed to simulate the reticle / chuck system under typical exposure conditions. FE simulations are used to illustrate (a) the effects of the nonflatness of the reticle and chuck, (b) the image placement errors induced by backside particulates, (c) the influence of the coefficient of friction between the reticle and chuck during exposure scanning, and (d) the effects of contact conductance on the thermomechanical response of the reticle. The focus of this paper is to illustrate that mechanical modeling and simulation has now become a fundamental tool in the design of electrostatic pin chucks for the EUVL technology.