On the TCP Minimum Retransmission Timeout in a High-speed Cellular Network

Conference: European Wireless 2005 - 11th European Wireless Conference 2005 - Next Generation wireless and Mobile Communications and Services
04/10/2006 - 04/13/2005 at Nicosia, Cyprus

Proceedings: European Wireless 2005

Pages: 6Language: englishTyp: PDF

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Folke, Mats; Landström, Sara; Bodin, Ulf (Division of Computer Science and Networking, Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering, Luleå University of Technology)

HS-DSCH is a high-speed shared radio channel extension for WCDMA which is used for cellular mobile telephony. The algorithm for distributing the channel resources together with the characteristics of the radio medium result in delay variations. The TCP minimum retransmission timeout interval has effectively alleviated delay variations in its range from deteriorating TCP performance. But recently, this bound has been shortened in modern widely spread TCP implementations. The aim of our study is to find out how a shorter minimum retransmission timeout affects TCP performance over HS-DSCH. We have implemented a model of HS-DSCH in the network simulator ns-2. Our simulations cover a wide range of different minimum retransmission timeout settings and loads, two types of schedulers (Round-Robin and Signal-to- Interference-Ratio (SIR) scheduling) and two versions of TCP (SACK and NewReno). Our results show that the number of spurious timeouts increase with the load. The SIR scheduler causes fewer spurious timeouts than the RR scheduler for shorter minimum retransmission timeout settings, however, for longer settings the RR scheduler causes fewer spurious timeouts compared to the SIR scheduler. The minimum retransmission timeout has consequences for goodput fairness, but it does not affect the total system throughput. Both TCP versions produced similar results.