Stochastic Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Angle- and Delay-Domain Propagation Parameters

Conference: PIMRC 2005 - 16th Annual IEEE International Symposium on Personal Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications
09/11/2005 - 09/14/2005 at Berlin, Germany

Proceedings: PIMRC 2005

Pages: 5Language: englishTyp: PDF

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Ribeiro, B. Cássio; Richter, Andreas; Koivunen, Visa (Helsinki University of Technology (TKK), Signal Processing Laboratory, SMARAD Center of Excellence, Finland)

In this paper we derive an estimator for both timedelay and angular channel propagation parameters of the diffuse scattering component that is frequently observed in channel sounding measurements. The joint angular-delay model leads to correlation matrix with high dimensionality, which prevents direct implementation of a maximum-likelihood (ML) estimator using finite precision arithmetics and finite memory resources. We derive low complexity methods for computing the ML estimates that exploit the structure of the covariance matrices. The estimator is based on a two step procedure: first, the parameters of the power delay profile are estimated, as well as measurement noise power. Then, using the estimated timedelay parameters, the parameters of the angular distributions are estimated. We present simulation results and compare the estimated time-delay and angular distributions to the actual distributions, showing that high precision estimates are obtained.