Comparison of System Concepts for Traffic Monitoring with Multichannnel SAR

Conference: EUSAR 2006 - 6th European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar
05/16/2006 - 05/18/2006 at Dresden, Germany

Proceedings: EUSAR 2006

Pages: 4Language: englishTyp: PDF

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Gabele, Martina; Baumgartner, Stefan; Krieger, Gerhard; Bethke, Karl-Heinz (German Aerospace Centre (DLR), Germany)

This paper addresses the ground moving target indication (GMTI) performance of space-based multi-channel synthetic aperture radar (MSAR) systems as they suffer from the high speed of the radar platform leading to a wide spread clutter spectrum and compares it with the air-based case. Opposite to classical GMTI systems near future space-based SAR systems offer only few simultaneous channels and relatively low pulse repetition frequency (PRF). The influences of PRF, antenna size and number of channels on detection performance are studied. The analysis is based on a post-Doppler approach of the optimal processor since this has the advantage that in case of stationary clutter the clutter contributions can be assumed statistically independent for each Doppler cell.