An Integrated Focusing and Calibration Procedure for Airborne SAR Data

Conference: EUSAR 2006 - 6th European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar
05/16/2006 - 05/18/2006 at Dresden, Germany

Proceedings: EUSAR 2006

Pages: 4Language: englishTyp: PDF

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Frey, Othmar; Meier, Erich; Nüesch, Daniel (Remote Sensing Laboratories, University of Zurich, Switzerland)

Topography-induced variation of radar brightness still poses a problem in terms of radiometric calibration of SAR data, which is undoubtedly an indispensable step in order to deduce bio- or geophysical parameters from amplitude images. We propose an integrated focusing and calibration procedure for airborne SAR data based on the time-domain backprojection technique. With the help of sensor position and attitude data as well as a digital elevation model (DEM) the true acquisition geometry is maintained throughout the combined focusing and calibration step. The effectiveness of the method is evaluated by means of an E-SAR L-band data set acquired over undulating terrain.