DFIG Performance Assessment during Low Voltage Ride through in the Dynamic Voltage Stability of an Electric Power System

Conference: UPEC 2011 - 46th International Universities' Power Engineering Conference
09/05/2011 - 09/08/2011 at Soest, Germany

Proceedings: UPEC 2011

Pages: 6Language: englishTyp: PDF

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Pereira, R. M. Monteiro; Ferreira, C. M. Machado (Instituto Superior Engenharia de Coimbra, Portugal)
Ferreira, C. M. Machado (INESC Coimbra, Portugal)
Barbosa, F. P. Maciel (INESC Porto, Portugal)

In this paper it was studied the performance evaluation of Doubly-Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) in the analysis of dynamic voltage stability during Low Voltage Ride Through (LVRT) in electric power systems. Two models of wind turbines were analyzed. In one of the models the wind turbines are equipped with pitch control coupled with a Fixed Speed Induction Generator (FSIG) and a shunt capacitor bank. In the other model the wind turbines are equipped with DFIG, crowbar and chopper. To protect the rotor side converter from tripping due to overcurrents in the rotor circuit or overvoltage in the DC link during voltage dips a crowbar was installed in DFIG. Nowadays the most efficient plants use technologies that allow them to stay connected during a fault and to produce again normally after the disturbance. The model used can take into account these new technologies. The automatic voltage regulators of the generating units, and the turbine speed governors were modelled in detail. Different load models were used and the under load tap changers were also taken into account. The simulation results were obtained using the EUROSTAG software package. Finally, some conclusions that provide a better understanding of the dynamic voltage stability of a system with FSIG and DFIG models during LVRT are pointed out.