Sun, Fan; Popovski, Petar; Truyen Thai, Chan Dai; de Carvalho, Elisabeth (Department of Electronic Systems, Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, Denmark)
Joint processing of multiple communication flows in wireless systems has given rise to a number of novel transmission techniques, notably the two-way relaying based on wireless network coding. Recently, a related set of techniques has emerged, termed coordinated direct and relay (CDR) transmissions, where the constellation of traffic flows is more general than the two-way. Regardless of the actual traffic flows, in a CDR scheme the relay has a central role in managing the interference and boosting the overall system performance. In this paper we investigate the novel transmission modes, based on amplify-and-forward, that arise when the relay is equipped with multiple antennas and can use beamforming. We focus on one representative traffic type, with one uplink and one downlink users and consider the achievable sum-rate maximization relay beamforming. The beamforming criterion leads to a non-convex problem and we introduce a lowcomplexity iterative solution, as well as derive a sum-rate upper performance bound. Numerical results demonstrate an obvious benefit from the usage of multiple antennas at the relay node. Index Terms—Analog network coding, amplify-and-forward, beamforming, a priori information.