On Practical Coexistence Gaps in Space for LTE-U/WiFi Coexistence

Conference: European Wireless 2018 - 24th European Wireless Conference
05/02/2018 - 05/04/2018 at Catania, Italy

Proceedings: European Wireless 2018

Pages: 8Language: englishTyp: PDF

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Zubow, Anatolij; Gawłowicz, Piotr; Bayhan, Suzan (Technische Universität Berlin, Germany)

LTE-U/WiFi coexistence can be significantly improved by placing so-called coexistence gaps in space through cross-technology interference-nulling (CTIN) from LTE-U BS towards WiFi nodes. Such coordinated co-existence scheme requires, for the exchange of control messages, a cross-technology control channel (CTC) between LTE-U and WiFi networks which was presented recently. However, it is unclear how a practical CTIN operates in the absence of channel state information which is needed for CTIN but cannot be obtained from the CTC. We present XZero, the first practical CTIN system that is able to quickly find the suitable precoding configuration used for interference nulling without having to search the whole space of angular orientations. XZero performs a tree-based search to find the direction for the null beam(s) by exploiting the feedback received from the WiFi AP on the tested null directions. We have implemented a prototype of XZero using SDR platform for LTE-U and commodity hardware for WiFi and evaluated its performance in a large indoor testbed. Evaluation results reveal on average a reduction by 15.7 dB in interference-to-noise ratio at the nulled WiFi nodes when using a ULA with four antennas. Moreover, XZero has a sub-second reconfiguration delay which is up to 10x smaller as compared to naive exhaustive linear search.