Morhart, Christian; Biebl, Erwin (Technische Universität München, Fachgebiet Höchstfrequenztechnik, 80290 Munich, Germany)
Schwarz, Daniel; Rasshofer, Ralph (BMW Group Research and Technology, 80992 Munich, Germany)
In the proposed cooperative sensor system pedestrians carry a reactive transceiver which is interrogated by a localization and tracking unit in the car. The prototype system applies Round-Trip Time-of-Flight (RTOF) techniques for the determination of the distance between the transponder and the demonstrator vehicle. A smart antenna array integrated into the car is used to determine the Direction-of-Arrival (DoA) of the transponder’s response signal. Knowing the distance and azimuth angle relative to the car, the pedestrian’s position and movement are calculated. These data are used as input for a highly reliable collision warning and collision mitigation system. The sensor system is capable of addressing a huge number of communication partners within each measurement cycle. Additionally secure burst identification is ensured for a robust localization and the suppression of unwanted co-channel interference. This is achieved by using pseudo random coded signals with a Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) method. The distance accuracy was improved by introducing a new mirror technique in combination with an interpolation algorithm. The prototype localization system set up at 2.4 GHz covers a range up to 200m in free field condition. With the current system a distance resolution down to cm and an angular measurement accuracy of about 1 degree have been achieved.