A 76-GHz Antenna with Highly-Tapered Aperture for Collision Avoidance Systems

Konferenz: EuCAP 2009 - 3rd European Conference on Antennas and Propagation
23.03.2009 - 27.03.2009 in Berlin, Germany

Tagungsband: EuCAP 2009

Seiten: 5Sprache: EnglischTyp: PDF

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Zaghloul, Amir I. (US Army Research Laboratory, Adelphi, MD, USA)
Anthony, Theodore K.; Zaghloul, Amir I. (Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, USA)

Vehicle-mounted radar systems for collision avoidance require receive antennas with scanned narrow beams in azimuth and a broad beam in elevation. This paper presents a pyramidal horn array of 32 elements, designed at 76 GHz with a 40-dB Taylor aperture distribution. A tightly spaced waveguide power divider provides the tapered distribution with adjusted waveguide lengths between the different stages in order to achieve the uniform phase in all paths. The last stage of the power divider uses equal power splits because of space limitations, which results in slightly higher side-lobes and low-level grating lobes. The fabricated array shows results that match the HFSS-simulated results.