Car-to-Car Channel Models based on Wideband MIMO Measurements at 5.3 GHz

Konferenz: EuCAP 2009 - 3rd European Conference on Antennas and Propagation
23.03.2009 - 27.03.2009 in Berlin, Germany

Tagungsband: EuCAP 2009

Seiten: 5Sprache: EnglischTyp: PDF

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Renaudin, Olivier; Oestges, Claude (Microwave Laboratory, Université catholique de Louvain (UCL), 3, Place du Levant, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium)
Kolmonen, Veli-Matti; Vainikainen, Pertti (SMARAD Dept. of Radio Science and Technology, TKK Helsinki University of Technology, P.O. Box 3000, 02015 TKK, Finland)

In this paper, we describe measurement results of 30×30 multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) car-to-car (C2C) radio channels at 5.3 GHz in four environments: on a campus, on a highway, in urban and sub-urban areas. We first investigate the validity of the wide-sense stationarity (WSS) assumption by using the correlation matrix distance (CMD), which is an earlier introduced metric for characterizing the MIMO channel non-stationarity. Finally, we develop a statistical 20 MHz bandwidth channel model in the highway environment, including tap amplitude statistics and inter-tap correlation matrices. The small-scale fading was found to be best fitted by both the Nakagami and Weibull distributions.