Beamformer for Driving Binaural Speech Enhancement

Konferenz: IWAENC 2012 - International Workshop on Acoustic Signal Enhancement
04.09.2012-06.09.2012 in Aachen, Germany

Tagungsband: IWAENC 2012

Seiten: 4Sprache: EnglischTyp: PDF

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Löllmann, Heinrich W.; Vary, Peter (Institute of Communication Systems and Data Processing, RWTH Aachen University, 52056 Aachen, Germany)

A beamformer for binaural speech enhancement systems in digital hearing aids is proposed. Its single modules for the estimation of the time-difference-of-arrival (TDOA) and time-alignment operate in the frequency-domain and have a low computational complexity. The TDOA estimation is performed efficiently by a generalized cross-correlation with phase transform weighting. The estimation accuracy for filter-banks with a limited number of subbands, which are needed for hearing aids to meet tight delay constraints, is improved by a histogram-based TDOA estimation. The subsequent time-alignment is accomplished by a simple multiplication with spectral phase factors. A primary application of the proposed system are binaural cue preserving speech enhancement systems based on spectral weighting. The proposed beamformer can be used as delay-and-sum and/or delay-and-subtract beamformer to provide subband signals from which the power spectral densities of interfering sources can be estimated to drive the spectral weight calculation. Index Terms — delay-and-sum beamformer, TDOA estimation, binaural hearing aids, speech enhancement