Improving Beamforming for Distant Speech Recognition in Reverberant Environments Using a Genetic Algorithm for Planar Array Synthesis

Konferenz: Sprachkommunikation - Beiträge zur 10. ITG-Fachtagung
26.09.2012 - 28.09.2012 in Braunschweig, Deutschland

Tagungsband: Sprachkommunikation

Seiten: 4Sprache: EnglischTyp: PDF

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Pessentheiner, Hannes; Kubin, Gernot (Signal Processing and Speech Communication Laboratory, Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria)
Romsdorfer, Harald (Synvo GmbH, Leoben, Austria)

Beamforming is crucial for hands-free mobile terminals and voiceenabled automated home environments based on distant-speech interaction to mitigate causes of system degradation, e.g., interfering noise sources or competing speakers. Among the abilities and complexity of a beamformer its performance also depends on the microphone array geometry. This paper highlights a major disadvantage in beamforming — a high sensitivity to reflections from the ceiling and the floor at frequencies above 2000 Hz — by using a horizontal uniform circular array with a center microphone in reverberant environments, e.g., a conference room, and a steering direction close to the array plane. Furthermore, it presents an improved beamformer and a planar array synthesized by a modified genetic algorithm, which exhibits a reduced sensitivity to floor and ceiling reflections and an improved directivity at lower frequencies in combination with a beamformer. Index Terms: array signal processing, beamforming, planar array, genetic algorithm, non-dominated sorting, multiple objective optimization, crowded tournament selection, convex-optimization based beamformer