Antenna Array Based Positioning Scheme for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Konferenz: WSA 2013 - 17th International ITG Workshop on Smart Antennas
13.03.2013 - 14.03.2013 in Stuttgart, Deutschland

Tagungsband: WSA 2013

Seiten: 6Sprache: EnglischTyp: PDF

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Marinho, Marco A. M.; Ferreira, Ronaldo S. Junior; Costa, Joao Paulo C. L. da; Freitas, Edison Pignaton de; Sousa, Rafael T. de Junior; Zelenovsky, Ricardo (Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Brasília, Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brazil)
Antreich, Felix (German Aerospace Center (DLR), Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany)
Liu, Kefei; So, Hing Cheung (Department of Electronic Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon, Hong Kong)

Recently antenna arrays have been incorporated in Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in order to improve their communications capacities. Such antenna arrays can be further exploited in order to provide accurate estimation of a UAV pose and attitude which are necessary for the UAV movement and control. In this paper, we propose a pose estimation solution based on the 2-D Standard ESPRIT with Forward Backward Averaging (FBA) for determining the directions of arrival (DOAs) of the incoming signals. Moreover, by exploiting the geometry of the antenna array, it is possible to estimate the antenna positions, and then, by applying the TRIAD algorithm, it is possible to compute the attitude. We show, by means of simulations, that our proposed solution provides a very accurate pose estimation.