Practical experiences with VOC sensors for control of building ventilation

Konferenz: Sensoren und Messsysteme 2014 - Beiträge der 17. ITG/GMA-Fachtagung
03.06.2014 - 04.06.2014 in Nürnberg, Deutschland

Tagungsband: Sensoren und Messsysteme 2014

Seiten: 4Sprache: EnglischTyp: PDF

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Grossklos, Marc (Institute for Housing and Environment (IWU), Darmstadt, Germany)

An air quality control was developed and tested in four single family passive house dwellings to control the building ventilation system via VOC sensors and a special adaptation algorithm to handle variable contaminant loads and sensor drift. Results show good operation of the air quality control for the ventilation system detecting changing contaminants within a few minutes and changing the air flow rate in the building immediately. The 43 VOC sensors used during the monitoring had more than 1.2 million working hours in total without any electrical failure but with a loss of sensitivity for the calibration gas CO. The air quality control could manage that loss of sensitivity and worked well till the end of the field test. A comparison between VOC and CO2 sensors in one building resulted in a more detailed information about emission rate in the room with the VOC sensor, allowing to get a better reaction of the ventilation system.