Practical trajectory designs for semi-automation of forestry cranes

Konferenz: ISR 2016 - 47st International Symposium on Robotics
21.06.2016 - 22.06.2016 in München, Germany

Tagungsband: ISR 2016

Seiten: 8Sprache: EnglischTyp: PDF

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Fodor, Szabolcs; Freidovich, Leonid; Vazquez, Carlos (Department of Applied Physics and Electronics, Umeå University, 90187 Umeå, Sweden)

Simplifying the operation of forestry machines with operator-centered semi-automation is needed in the modern timber harvesting industry in order to increase operator productivity and comfort, to reduce learning time of novice operators and to ensure safer manipulation of the cranes. In this paper, useful tools towards operator-centered semi-automation of the base joint actuator of a forwarder crane are proposed. The main goal is to allow comfortable automated motions that do not excite dangerous oscillations of the freely-hanging grapple. Moreover, operator commands are used interactively with a closed-loop position control scheme to assure automated slewing motions. Smooth reference trajectories are provided for the position controller with an on-line trajectory generation algorithm that is developed by combining properties of two standard trajectory generation methods. A practical algorithm based on experiments is introduced to find the trajectory that guaranties minimal grapple oscillations within a set of relatively fast trajectories. Further on, the log loading/unloading tasks are discussed and verified experimentally using the proposed approach on a forwarder crane prototype.