Absolute Radiometric Calibration of Broadband X-Band Transponders

Konferenz: EUSAR 2021 - 13th European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar
29.03.2021 - 01.04.2021 in online

Tagungsband: EUSAR 2021

Seiten: 5Sprache: EnglischTyp: PDF

Raab, Sebastian; Schmidt, Kersten; Weidenhaupt, Klaus; Reimann, Jens; Buechner, Anna Maria; Schwerdt, Marco (Microwaves and Radar Institute, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Wessling, Germany)

Spaceborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR) systems are often used for earth observation capable for acquiring accurate high-resolution data. In order to ensure the quality of these SAR data, the SAR system has to be calibrated first. For this purpose active targets with well-known backscatter properties, called transponders, serve as an external reference. The enhancement of the operational bandwidth up to 1.2 GHz of future civil SAR systems requires the development of appropriate broadband transponders and their accurate calibration. In order to be well prepared for these missions, DLR has been developed a broadband X-Band transponder and an innovative technique for the frequency-dependent determination of the transponder’s radar cross section (RCS) which promises an accurate measurement over the full transponder bandwidth. In this paper the calibration of a broadband transponder according to this new approach is described including the analysis of corresponding measurements. The derived results are verified with a second independent calibration method and finally evaluated.