Towards Organic 6G Networks: Virtualization and Live Migration of Core Network Functions

Konferenz: Mobilkommunikation - 25. ITG-Fachtagung
03.11.2021 - 04.11.2021 in Osnabrück

Tagungsband: ITG-Fb. 299: Mobilkommunikation – Technologien und Anwendungen

Seiten: 6Sprache: EnglischTyp: PDF

Gundall, Michael; Stegmann, Julius; Huber, Christopher (Intelligent Networks, German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence GmbH (DFKI), Kaiserslautern, Germany)
Schotten, Hans D. (Intelligent Networks, German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence GmbH (DFKI), Kaiserslautern & Institute for Wireless Communication and Navigation, University of Kaiserslautern (TUK), Germany)

In the context of Industry 4.0, more and more mobile use cases are appearing on industrial factory floors. These use cases place high demands on various quantitative requirements, such as latency, availability, and more. In addition, qualitative requirements such as flexibility are arising. Since virtualization technology is a key enabler for the flexibility that is required by novel use cases and on the way to organic networking as it is addressed by 6th Generation Wireless Communication Systems (6G), we investigate container virtualization technology in this paper. We focus on container technology since Operating System (OS)-level virtualization has multiple benefits compared to hardware virtualization, such as Virtual Machines (VMs). Thus, we discuss several aspects of container based virtualization, e.g. selection of suitable network drivers and orchestration tools, with respect to most important 5G Core (5GC) functions. In addition, the functions have different quantitative or qualitative requirements depending on whether they are stateless or stateful, and whether the specific function is located at either the control or user plane. Therefore, we also analyze the aforementioned live migration concepts for the 5GC functions and evaluate them based on well-defined metrics, such as migration time and process downtime.