Millimeter Wave Receiver Comparison Under Energy vs Spectral Efficiency Trade-off

Konferenz: European Wireless 2017 - 23th European Wireless Conference
17.05.2017 - 19.05.2017 in Dresden, Germany

Tagungsband: European Wireless 2017

Seiten: 7Sprache: EnglischTyp: PDF

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Abbas, Waqas Bin (National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences, Pakistan & University of Padova)
Gomez-Cuba, Felipe (Stanford University, USA & DEI, University of Padova, Italy)
Zorzi, Michele (DEI, University of Padova, Italy)

Receivers for mmWave systems suffer from high power consumption in Analog to Digital Converters (ADC), and there is a need to compare the three major receiver architectures: Analog, Hybrid and Digital Combining (AC, HC and DC). Moreover, the specific power consumption figure of merit of ADCs varies significantly between different component designs in the literature, so that comparisons performed for one ADC model - no matter how representative of the state of the art - do not necessarily carry over to other ADC designs with different figures of merit. In this work, we formulate a comparison method between AC, HC and DC that can be easily reproduced with different power consumption parameters and provides all information for receiver architecture selection in a compact chart figure. We also present an interpretation of the receiver selection decision problem as a multi-objective utility optimization to find the best Spectral Efficiency (SE) versus Energy Efficiency (EE) trade-off. We use existing results on the achievable rate of AC, HC and DC systems and an Additive Quantization Noise Model (AQNM) of the ADC capacity degradation. For some example commercial component parameters, we show that the usually held belief that DC requires the highest power is not valid in many cases. Rather, either DC or HC alternatively result in the better SE vs EE trade-off depending strongly on the considered component parameters and on the weight assigned to SE vs EE in the utility maximization.