Advanced Modelling of Equivalent Networks Considering Full-Size Converters in Short-Circuit Current Calculations According to IEC 60909-0:2016

Konferenz: NEIS 2017 - Conference on Sustainable Energy Supply and Energy Storage Systems
21.09.2017 - 22.09.2017 in Hamburg, Deutschland

Tagungsband: NEIS 2017

Seiten: 6Sprache: EnglischTyp: PDF

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Batorowicz, D. S.; Niersbach, B.; Hanson, J. (Department of Electrical Power Supply with Integration of Renewable Energies, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany)

In 2016 the second edition of the standard IEC 60909-0:2016 has been published and for the first time the fault current contribution of full-size converters is considered. This accounts for the growing share of converter-interfaced generation connected to the grid. Currently, an equivalent network based on a voltage source model with an internal impedance comparable to the modelling of a synchronous machine. However, this procedure needs to be re-evaluated, because a growing share of full-size converters alters the behaviour of the network. An advanced modelling approach for equivalent networks is presented in this paper. As a first step, full-size converters within the equivalent network are modelled as ideal current sources, which allows to consider their short-circuit current contribution. As a second step, the voltage dependency of the reactive current infeed of the full-size converters is modelled in order to get more accurate results. This analysis will show if full-size converters within an equivalent network can be generally neglected. A special method for modelling remotely fed grids is used to account for the voltage-dependent current infeed of power plants with full-size converters within the equivalent network.