Design Considerations of a Single Stage LLC Battery Charger

Konferenz: PCIM Europe 2019 - International Exhibition and Conference for Power Electronics, Intelligent Motion, Renewable Energy and Energy Management
07.05.2019 - 09.05.2019 in Nürnberg, Deutschland

Tagungsband: PCIM Europe 2019

Seiten: 7Sprache: EnglischTyp: PDF

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Zhou, Wenqi (Robert Bosch GmbH, Germany)
Wattenberg, Martin (Robert Bosch Center for Power Electronics, Germany)
Schwalbe, Ulf (Fulda University of Applied Sciences, Germany)

Usually battery chargers have two stages and DC charging current is considered to be necessary for a proper charging. To decrease the charger volume, a single stage LLC battery charger is investigated in this paper. PFC stage is eliminated, therefore no bulky capacitor is necessary any more, and battery is charged with a sinusoidal-like charging current. However, previous studies show that, such a pulsating charging current has only minimal impact on battery life and efficiency. Design considerations of the resonant tank and optimal transformer design are presented. A 360W single stage LLC converter prototype for e-bike charger achieves a power factor of 0.98, efficiency of 0.93 and power density of 1.8kW/dm3.