Single-Phase Operation of Common-Mode-Free Bidirectional Three-Phase PFC-Rectifier for Non-Isolated EV Charger with Minimized DC-Link

Konferenz: PCIM Europe digital days 2021 - International Exhibition and Conference for Power Electronics, Intelligent Motion, Renewable Energy and Energy Management
03.05.2021 - 07.05.2021 in Online

Tagungsband: PCIM Europe digital days 2021

Seiten: 8Sprache: EnglischTyp: PDF

Strothmann, Benjamin; Book, Gerrit; Schafmeister, Frank; Boecker, Joachim (Paderborn University, Power Electronics and Electrical Drives, Paderborn, Germany)

In electric vehicles (EV) the large common-mode (CM) capacitance comprising capacitive parasitics of the traction battery as well as explicit Y-capacitors connecting within specific loads the high-voltage DC-system (HV-system) to ground, can cause issues when using non-isolated EV Chargers. One solution for a power factor correction (PFC) rectifier that is capable to operate with a non-isolated DC-DC converter, is the three-phase four-wire full-bridge PFC, with split DC-link, whose midpoint is connected to the mains neutral. Therefore, it provides very stable potentials at the DC-link rails and accordingly can be classified as Zero-CM topology, which facilitates a common-mode-free operation. When to be operated at a single-phase supply, which is a common requirement for On-board chargers (OBCs) this topology results in the voltage-doubler PFC (V2-PFC) being characterised by a comparably large DC-link voltage ripple at mains frequency. If the DC-link capacitance shall be minimized, for instance to avoid lifetime-limited electrolytic capacitors, two more circuits in addition to the original V2-PFC are proposed for keeping the common-mode-free operation: A balancing circuit (BC), that balances the voltages over the split capacitors and a ripple port (RP), that buffers the 100 Hz power pulsation of the mains. For both circuits the available two bridge legs of the three-phase topology in single-phase operation may be utilized. A 3.7 kW laboratory sample verifies the functionality of the additional circuits in conjunction with the V2-PFC and achieves an efficiency of 95 %.